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One thing that every great
has, is a good Solid Base!

  • Every driveway must start  with a solid foundation.
  • Proper excavation,  meaning removal of loam & sand that needs to be replaced with good gravel.
  • Removal of Roots or Lumber that may decay.
  • Removal of large stone or round stones that may protrude with winters frost.

  • Plenty of good gravel that is well compacted and pitched properly.

  • Properly compacted gravel (even the best gravel has to be compacted with compaction equipment).

  • A base that has no voids and is settled to the point of no return! 

    If your Driveway has all of the above, the chances are good that no matter what you put on top of it, as a finished product, you will enjoy for many years!
     Another  factor of a "good solid base", of course, is the earth in which you are going to "pave over".

           For example: here are some Negative Terrain's
  •  A steep hill that is vulnerable to erosion. (The grand canyon was cut & created by water)
  • A swamp or marsh land that is constantly underater.                    (will never be a solid base)
  • Any extreme of being too steep or too low on the earths terrain will create a disadvantage.

  • Ledge ( Large rocks ) can also create a disadvantage (because of  the cost of removal and does not provide any drainage).

       In every type of driveway, highway, walkway, patio, building, tennis court, basketball court etc...etc...  that exists today,

 A well compacted gravel base, is the most important part of every foundation, and needs to be installed  in every one of the driveways listed below:

    • Concrete driveway
    • Asphalt driveway
    • Stamped concrete driveway
    • Stamped asphalt driveway
    • Paver or cobblestone driveway
    • Brick driveway
    • Stone driveway
    • Gravel driveway

                    How Much Gravel?

Depends on the earth you are paving over, but as a general rule of thumb  4" - 12" of good, solid, compact able gravel.

Gravel that is sandy, or full of large round stone is not recommended.

Good solid compacted processed, or recycled gravel, is the key to every driveway installation!

              Utilities Under your Driveway?

      The gravel phase of your driveway installation is the best time to carefully consider any water lines, sprinkler systems, lighting or any electrical lines that may need to cross your driveway now, or in the future!

     4" to 6" PVC pipe can easily be installed across your driveway before the gravel is graded to allow for any future under ground utilities.

     PVC pipes needs to be buried about 12 - 18" below the finish gravel grade, and should be marked  by logging the location using dimensions off any land marks to find them in the future when needed.

     The ends of all buried pipes should be capped either with a PVC cap or at least be taped with duct tape to keep the inside of the pipes clean.

      When needed you can un bury both ends, slide either sprinkler lines or electrical lines through the pipe without having to cut patches into your new driveway in the future.

      If you never use them, they will  cause no harm to your driveway!   PVC pipes will last forever, and as long as they are buried deep enough into the ground they should not lift from frost heaves.


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Not sure about some of the terminology?
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